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Friday, 05 Jun 2020
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Ministry of Jal Shakti approves Action Plan for states under Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission
Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), a Central government initiative under the Ministry of Jal Shakti, aims to ensure access of piped water for every household in India. The mission’s goal is to provide all households in rural India with safe and adequate water through individual household tap connections by 2024.
The government of Bihar presented their Jal Jeevan Mission Annual Action Plan before Ministry of Jal Shakti for consideration and approval, wherein it has planned to have 100 percent coverage of all households with functional tap water connections by 2020-21. The government has set an ambitious goal of providing all the remaining households with tap connections. A proper plan is in place for 100 percent coverage of all 38 districts during 2020-21. The Bihar government is also giving special attention to providing 100 percent Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTCs) in Aspirational districts, quality-affected habitations and SC/ST villages. The government is planning to provide tap connections to the remaining 1.50 crore households in 2020-21. The Centre has allocated Rs 1,832.66 crore for this during 2020-21.
The Chhattisgarh government also presented its Annual Action Plan for 2020-21 for consideration and approval of Ministry of Jal Shakti. A budget of whopping Rs 3.60 lakh crore has been allocated for this scheme. The government has planned to have 100 percent Functional Tap Water Connection (FHTC) by 2023-24. Out of 45 lakh households in the state, it’s planned to provide tap connections to 20 lakh households. While planning for universal coverage of households, priority is being given to water scarce areas, quality-affected areas, SC/ST dominated habitations/villages, aspirational districts, Sansad Adarsh Gramin Yojana villages. The Centre has approved Rs 445 crore for implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission in the state in 2020-21.
The state of Arunachal Pradesh proposed to provide 100 percent tap connections to all the households by March, 2023. For this the Centre has sanctioned Rs 255 crore for the state under JJM in 2020-21. Out of 2.18 lakh total rural households, the state is planning to provide 77,000 tap connections in 2020-21. While planning, thrust is given on covering households in aspirational districts, quality-affected habitations, Sansad Adarsh Gramin Yojna villages, etc on priority.
The Assam government presented the Annual Action Plan under Jal Jeevan Mission for consideration and approval of Ministry of Jal Shakti. The Centre has approved Rs 1,407 crore for 2020-21. The state plans to provide tap connections to 13 lakh households out of total 63 lakh. It plans to immediately provide household tap connections to all the remaining households belonging to weaker and marginalised sections on priority. A defined roadmap is also charted for effective implementation of Village Action Plan (VAP) with active participation of rural community.
The Meghalaya government also tabled its plan to achieve 100 percent household tap connections to Ministry of Jal Shakti for approval. The government proposed 100 percent tap connections to all the households by December 2022. Out of 5.89 lakh total rural households, the state is planning to provide 1.80 lakh tap connections in 2020-21. It is planning to cover 1,096 villages with 100 percent tap connections in 2020-21. The Centre has sanctioned Rs 175 crore for implementation of JJM in 2020-21.
The Har Ghar Nal Se Jal programme was announced by Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman in the Union Budget 2019-20.  The programme forms a crucial part of the Jal Jeevan Mission. It aims to implement source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through grey water management, water conservation, and rain water harvesting.
Jal Jeevan Mission will be based on a community approach to water. According to the government, the mission will include information, education and communication as key components. The mission is meant to create people's movement for water, making it everyone’s priority.
The Mission has set out a target to add 11.5 million household tap connections by 2020-21. The total allocation for the programme for 2020-21 is Rs 115 billion, up from Rs 100 billion in 2019. The government has proposed an amount of Rs 3.6 trillion for the programme to be executed by 2024. Of the total estimated expenditure, the share of the Centre will be Rs 2.1 trillion. The mission is modelled on a utility-based approach enabling institutions to focus on services and recover water tariff or user fee. No expenditure towards operation and maintenance cost of the schemes such as electricity charges, salary of regular staff and purchase of land will be allowed out of the Central share.


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